Merely a few decades ago, ancient civilizations were thought to be extremely primitive and simple. Although, there have been several discoveries since that time that in fact reveal a lot of shocking information about these ancient cultures. Mainly, that many of them had highly advanced knowledge about metallurgy, astronomy, chemistry and mathematics. They used their knowledge in order to create the strongest possible steel, as well as concrete that held up for longer than that of today, they cut stones and put together walls so incredibly precisely that no modern day attempt to replicate it has succeeded. Scientists are still in awe of everything that the people of ancient civilizations have achieved, and here are ten of them.
Aqueducts and hydro technology
You probably never imagine that the governments of the 21st century would be the help of 1,500 year old technology, did you? Well it seems as though the ancients knew how to solve water access problems a lot better than we today. This is the situation in Lima, Peru, in which they are dealing with a water crisis. However, they have a new plan being implemented which is to revive an ancient stone canals network. It was built in 500 AD by the Wari culture to provide their people with clean water. The system captured mountain water during rainy seasons through canals and transported water to other places where it could entre into springs.
Ancient people in the Levant were forging steel swords that were so advanced that the blacksmiths of today simply cannot make any product of equal quality. The Damascus steel of 2, 000 years ago was so strong that the swords would actually cut through other metals. The secret of this steel only came about again in modern laboratories when they were scanning electron microscopes.
Concrete structures of today are generally built to last from 100 to 120 years. However, during the ancient Roman times, their concrete structures have still been maintained today after 2,000 years ago. So where did we go wrong? Their secret recipe that to mixing seawater with lime and volcanic rock. The seawater has much greater durability and strength than what is used today. Roman concrete is not only more durable, but it is also better for the environment than what is used today as it requires a lot less fuel.
In today’s day in age, it is quite difficult to find a highway that was properly built. However, this was not always the case. People of the ancient times knew how important roads were and being able to link cities together, and therefore built them quickly and well. The 30,000 kilometer Main Andean Road is a huge network of roads that was used by the Inca Empire, and was their main source of economic power and production. It was built within less than a century and spread all throughout South America. The Romans as well are known to be professional road builders, having had approximately 1.7 million square miles covered by Roman roads, made from dirt, gravel, and bricks.
There are many examples throughout the world of ancient stone-cutting that are incredibly precise and much more impressive than what has been produced today with advanced machinery. An example is Puma Punku, which is an archeological site in Bolivia that dates back to 15,000 years. The huge blocks have perfectly cut edges that fit into each other perfectly. No one has been able to replicate this stonework.
Although when people think of the Aztecs, the first thing that usually comes to mind is human sacrifice, these populations were highly innovative, especially so with their chinampa agricultural system. This is known as floating garden which appears in the Valley of Mexico. They had a very sophisticated drainage system in order to prevent problems from the rainy season, which included gates, canals, and dams. They used human excrement in order to fertilize the crops which kept the land healthy.
It can be seen today in Peru, specifically in Machu Picchu and Sacsayhuaman how the Inca civilization was very advanced in their masonry work. They had very large stone walls with huge blocks that were perfectly fit together that has yet to be matched. The stones are so precisely placed that nothing can fit between the stones. All attempts to recreate this method has failed.
Over the past century, there have been many ancient cities that have been discovered by scientists and urban planners. Mohenjo Daro of Pakistan, the 5,000-year-old site that was found, showed an extremely high level of amenities and civic planning. The houses had brick bathrooms, mostly with toilets, and wastewater went into brick sewers. Wells made from bricks supplied drinking water and the city was home to approximately 40, 000 inhabitants.
There is absolutely no doubt that ancient civilizations throughout the world had an incredible depth understanding of astrology, from the star constellations that have been painted on ancient ceramics to Native American art solstices, star charts on Japanese tombs and much, much more. The fact that so many was able to be recorded about cosmological events even without today’s technology still shocks many scientists. We do know, however, then discoveries of today show how advanced these ancients peoples were.
Although without argument modern-day weapons are more advanced than those of the ancient times, their ability to release mass destruction and death must be noted. And there still are several powerful ancient weapons that have scientists jaws dropping. Archimedes, who is a Greek inventor, engineer, mathematician and astronomer is known to have made a heat ray weapon in order to protect himself against attacking ships in Sicily. This weapon was made from reflectors and focused sunlight onto approaching ships, which caused them to catch on fire. This is only one of many weapons that were designed with little technology in the ancient times.